Roles of an SGB according to South African Schools Act 84 of 1996

Roles of a School Governing Body (SGB) According to the South African Schools Act 84 of 1996

The South African Schools Act 84 of 1996 outlines the establishment, composition, and roles of School Governing Bodies (SGBs) in public schools. The primary aim is to democratize education and ensure community involvement in the management of schools. Here are the key roles of an SGB as per the Act:


1. Policy Development

The SGB is responsible for developing various policies to govern the school’s operation. This includes:

  • Admissions Policy: Regulating the admission of learners to ensure fairness and transparency.
  • Language Policy: Determining the language of instruction in the school.
  • Code of Conduct: Establishing rules and regulations to maintain discipline among learners.

2. Financial Management

SGBs play a crucial role in managing the school’s finances:

  • Budget Approval: Developing and approving the annual school budget.
  • Fundraising: Organizing and overseeing fundraising activities to support school programs.
  • Financial Oversight: Ensuring proper financial controls and audits are in place.

3. Maintenance and Improvement of School Property

The SGB is responsible for the maintenance and development of school infrastructure:

  • Infrastructure Management: Overseeing the maintenance of school buildings and facilities.
  • Capital Projects: Approving and managing capital projects such as new building constructions or renovations.

4. Staffing Matters

The SGB has certain responsibilities related to the staffing of the school:

  • Appointment of Staff: Participating in the selection and appointment of the school principal, educators, and non-educators.
  • Staff Development: Supporting professional development programs for staff members.
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5. Learner Welfare

Ensuring the well-being of learners is a key responsibility:

  • Safety and Security: Implementing measures to ensure the safety and security of learners.
  • Learner Support: Providing support services for learners, including counseling and extra-curricular activities.

6. Community Involvement

The SGB acts as a bridge between the school and the community:

  • Communication: Facilitating communication between the school, parents, and the broader community.
  • Community Projects: Encouraging community involvement in school activities and projects.

7. Monitoring and Evaluation

The SGB is tasked with monitoring and evaluating the school’s performance:

  • Academic Performance: Reviewing academic results and implementing strategies for improvement.
  • Compliance: Ensuring the school complies with all relevant legislation and policies.

8. Dispute Resolution

The SGB plays a role in resolving disputes within the school:

  • Grievance Procedures: Establishing procedures to handle grievances from learners, parents, and staff.
  • Conflict Resolution: Mediating conflicts to ensure a harmonious school environment.

These roles are essential for ensuring that schools operate efficiently and effectively, providing a high standard of education and maintaining a safe and supportive environment for learners. The involvement of parents and community members through the SGB helps to democratize school governance and ensures that schools are responsive to the needs of their communities.

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